In the latter half of the twentieth century a new model for management of game on private land developed in South Africa. Fundamental to this model were the issues of private ownership of game animals and adequate fencing required to keep animals in the enclosure. From its humble beginnings the commercial game industry on private land in South Africa developed steadily. Many farmers converted agricultural land to game ranches, motivated by the opportunities of financial gain offered by a growing game industry. Some areas in South Africa became a patchwork of high fences and game numbers increased exponentially. In areas where certain game species no longer existed, land owners translocated animals from other areas to stock their farms. This increased not only game numbers, but also species diversity on private land.
The engine behind this whole process was the market created by hunters wishing to hunt game animals. Research has shown that as much as 60% of the total income of the commercial game industry is derived from hunting. In addition to about 200 000 local hunters, large numbers of foreign hunters visit South Africa annually. The money that hunters are willing to pay for trophies, leisure and meat drive a huge industry with a total value estimated to be in access of R7 billion. Hunting was perhaps the most important conservation development in the 20th Century and continues to be the leading contributor to conservation in this century. It is seen as a form of sustainable use that has been proven to create conservation stakeholders, to stimulate conservation incentives and generate operating revenue for conservation budgets.
Source: Adapted from a paper sent to this project by Prof Pieter van Niekerk (Nelson Mandela University and CHASA)
2. National strategy and government contact
Both the national Departments of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (DAFF) and Environmental Affairs (DEA) are significant role players in the wildlife and hunting sectors. While DAFF leads agricultural production (including wildlife husbandry), DEA leads environmental conservation. The latter plays a most important role with regard to resource utilisation, as demonstrated by the appointment of a panel of experts to advise on appropriate norms and standards for hunting (both professional and recreational). Other relevant departments are the Department of Tourism and the Department of Trade and Industry.
3. Associations involved
African Bowhunters Organisation (ABO) www.abo.org.za
Confederation of Hunting Associations of South Africa (CHASA) Tel: 041 922 5600 www.chasa.co.za CHASA is an umbrella body for all Hunting Associations in South Africa. CHASA functions as a central discussion forum and channel to act on behalf of the hunting industry at a national level. Find contact details for the following affiliates on the CHASA website:
- Amatola Hunters & Conservation Association www.amatolahunters.co.za
- Big Bore Association – Southern Africa www.bigbore.org
- Bushveld Conservation Bureau 083 463 3620 www.thebcb.co.za
- Clay Target Shooting Association of Southern Africa (CTSASA) www.ctsasa.co.za
- East Cape Game Management Association www.ecgma.co.za
- Gauteng Hunters Federation 071 657 1908
- Handwapen Jagtersvereniging van Suider Afrika 082 416 6558
- Harrier Hunting Club 083 440 2703
- Kalahari Jagters & Wildbewaringsvereniging 071 542 4561
- KwaZulu-Natal Hunting & Conservation Association www.kznhunters.co.za
- Macnab Jagklub 082 902 1977
- Noordkaap Jagtersvereniging Tel/fax: 053 831 1480
- Noordwes Jagters & Wildbewaringsvereniging 018 468 3821
- Rand Hunters Association 082 773 9026
- South African Falconry Association 072 440 2494
- SA Jaggeweerskietvereniging 051 444 3590 www.sahuntingrifle.co.za
- Suid-Kaap Jagters & Wildbewaringsvereniging http://suidkaapjagters.co.za
- Swartwitpens Jagtersvereniging www.swartwitpensjagters.co.za
- Vrystaat Jagters en Wildbewaringsvereniging www.fshunters.co.za
International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation (CIC) www.cic-wildlife.org CIC unites member countries globally to “preserve wild game and hunting … [through] the sustainable use of wildlife resources.
National Hunting & Shooting Association (NHSA) Tel: 087 945 3355 www.natshoot.co.za Affiliated to the National Rifle Association (USA)
Professional Hunters’ Association (PHASA) Tel/fax: 012 667 2048 www.phasa.co.za PHASA represents the professional hunters of South Africa who, according to law, have to be present at hunts conducted by foreign hunters. The association is the largest professional hunters association in the world.
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